Professional Drug Information

The main emphasis of the course is in developing skills in handling efficiently information on drugs (in accordance with evidence based medicine priciples). Students are familiarized with various information on drugs and trained where to find reliable, up-to-date information and to assess the quality and validity of the material so as to provide relevant information to patients about their medication (either on prescription or non-prescription drugs).


Evidence based medicine principles; classification of information sources; clinical trials designs (primary sources: randomized controlled clinical trial, cohort trial, case-control trial, cases, case-series; secondary sources: systematic reviews and meta-analysis); measures of effect size (odds ratio- OR; relative risk – RR; relative risk increase RRI, relative risk reduction – RRR; absolute risk AR; absolute risk increase ARI, absolute risk reduction – ARR; number needed to treat/to harm- NNT/NNH; confidence interval; interpretation of the study results); databases (bibliographic – MEDLINE/PubMED; EMBASE; full-text- EBSCO, PROQUEST 5000; factographic – Micromedex Health Care Series), quality of the information on the internet; drug promotion; drug information centres, electronic discussion groups on medicines; ethical issues in the handling of information.


  1. Greenhalgh T.:How to Read a Paper: The Basics of Evidence-Based Medicine. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 2006. 3rd edition.
  2. University of Oxford:
  3. Healthy Skepticism:

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