Analytical Chemistry

The aim of the subject is to provide the students with firm and sufficiently wide theoretical and methodological fundamentals for pursuing (in a rational way) chemical analysis of inorganic and organic substances. The teaching is focused on the explanation of theoretical aspects of instrumental methods. In practical training individual approach of students to solving analytical problems is required.

Syllabus

  • Types of analytical reactions. Selectivity and sensitivity of analytical reactions.
  • Analytical protolytic reactions. Buffers in analytical chemistry. Acids and bases in non-aqueous solvents.
  • Analytical complex-formation reactions and their equilibrium. Use of complex-formation reactions in analytical chemistry. Masking. Organic complex-formation reagents.
  • Analytical oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions, their equilibrium and kinetics. Catalytic and induced reaction.
  • Analytical precipitation reactions and their equilibrium. Extraction equilibrium.
  • Detection and determination of selected cations and anions.
  • General procedures in quantitative analysis. Sample pre-treatment. Processing and evaluation of results of quantitative analysis.
  • Fundamentals and types of gravimetric methods.
  • Titrimetric (volumetric) analysis; direct titration, indirect titration, back-titration. Concentration of volumetric solutions and their standardisation.
  • Acidimetry and alkalimetry, acid-base indicators, titration in non-aqueous solvents. Chelatometry, chelatometric indicators. Permanganatometry. Iodimetry. Bromatometry. Dichromatometry. Argentometry. Mercurimetry.
  • Methods of organic analysis. Elemental analysis: detection of C, H, N, S, O, and halogens in organic compounds. Determination of C, H, N, S, O, and halogens.
  • Functional analysis: detection of alcohols, phenols, amines, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amides, sulphonamides, sulphonic acids, hydrocarbons, nitro- and nitroso-compounds.
  • Identification and determination of hydrocarbons, alcohols, phenols, amines, aldehydes and ketones, carboxylic acids, esters, amides, sulphonamides, sulphonic acids, nitro- and nitroso-compounds. Analysis of organic salts.
  • Solubility of organic compounds - classification system, structure-solubility relationships and their analytical use.

Literature

  • Christian G.D.: Analytical Chemistry, USA, J. Wiley, 6th edition, 2004
  • Skoog D.A., West D.M., Holler F.J., Crouch S.R. –Fundamentals of Analytical Chemistry, Thomson Brooks/Cole 2004

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